World Vision has carried out emergency relief work in China since 1982. In recent years, despite enjoying a rapid economic growth, China has seen the rise of various social issues, such as the rural-urban disparity in development and the widening gap between the rich and the poor. While the attention is on the country's economic achievements, the impoverished left-behind children, migrant children, orphans and children with disability are often neglected.
Left-behind children refers to those rural children whose parents have left for the city to work, that they have to live apart from their parents. More job opportunities and higher wages in the cities have drawn a large number of farmers to work in cities.
Due to the lack of direct support from their parents, left-behind children have to face their challenges from daily lives, studying and growing, resulting in them being more prone to having emotional or behavioural problems.
Migrant children refers to children from rural area migrated to urban with their parents, the migrant workers. The parents, though working in urban area, cannot transfer their household registered at the rural area.
In China, the household registration system is linked with many important social welfare and services, meaning that migrant children are deprived of a wide range of social welfare and services, including access to urban public school.
Child abuse is still a sensitive topic in China, therefore it is normally invisible from official statistics, except occasionally mentioned in the media. Violence against children can take the form of sexual abuse, school violence, domestic violence etc. And the abusers could be peers, acquaintances, or even parents and care givers.
CWD are facing multiple aspects of discrimination. The stigma that disabled people are the burden of the society and they lack the potential to contribute has rendered them deprived of career and vocational training opportunities. Besides, the parents of CWD usually cannot access rehabilitation services, which is especially true among the low income families or rural families.
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