Most of our development works in different countries build upon an Area Development Programme model (ADP). We work with local communities and stakeholders to identify their needs and layout a community development framework. The long-term goal is to empower the community, including sponsored children and their families, to become self-reliant.
Water and Sanitation – A Basic Community Development
With hundreds of millions of people still lacking access to safe drinking water and basic sanitation facilities, World Vision has given priority to water and sanitation projects in many of the ADPs. Often times, community members also share similar views on the need and urgency to tackle these issues. Below are some examples of our projects, grouped into two major areas:
1. Water Supply & Access
In many developing communities, women and girls spend a lot of time travelling a long way to fetch water, which are usually very dirty. One of the ways to obtain clean water is by drilling a deep hole into the ground to extract natural water resources. In Zambia, 14-year-old Christopher tells the before and after of having a borehole in his community.
"Many people, including children, died of dysentery, diarrhoea and cholera because of drinking dirty water from hand-dug and unprotected wells or ponds of rain water. The water was most likely contaminated because we found rotting frogs and lizards, and animal waste in it!"
"Now that we have clean water from a borehole drilled by World Vision, we suffer less from diseases. Access to clean water has improved hygiene practices, e.g. people can now bath daily, wash clothes and utensils. Health improvement allows children to attend school regularly and assist parents with chores."
Clean water can also benefit agriculture, promising crop yield all year round. This can improve family livelihoods and, in turn, nutrition for children.
Large Water Storage Tanks
Besides drilling boreholes, World Vision works with local villagers to construct water pipe systems, water storage tanks and water pumps to improve water supply. Community's involvement and ownership is very important.
Some places are seasonally dry but they are not completely without rain, the problem lies in the insufficient amount of rainfall. By helping villagers collect rainwater, purify it and properly store it in a safe container, this can create a more stable water supply throughout the dry periods of the year.
Water Pipe System
Some water sources are located on mountains. By installing proper water pipelines, mountain water can be channeled to nearby communities. World Vision has launched projects that use gravity fed water systems to bring water to dry lands, turning them into arable lands for farmers. For example, in southern Ethiopia, some lands that were once abandoned have now become great sources of food supply!
Hand Pumps and Mechanised Solar-powered Pumps
Hand pumps or mechanised solar-powered pumps are installed and operated to provide water for small communities to semi-urban settings of more than 10,000 people.
2. Hygiene and Sanitation
World Vision doesn’t just provide water and sanitation infrastructure, we also work alongside the people we serve so that they can maintain the facilities once we are gone. After facilities are built, teams of community members will be recruited and trained, and financial structures will be set up to pay for the expenses incurred, so that the facilities can be maintained well to create long-lasting impact on the community. Through interactive engagement, communities will also be sensitised on the importance of keeping the environment free of open defecation and having a good solid waste management system. Community teams that have been set up can carry on the advocacy work started in the community, creating a healthier environment for children to grow up in!
Thida Oo teaches her 7-year-old daughter, Pyae Sone Lwin, eight easy hand washing steps.
Proper sanitation facilities are critical to community's health improvement. They are also helpful in protecting water source from pollution. In Myanmar, Thida Oo, mother of five shares what she has learnt from World Vision, "Before, we didn't have a latrine at home and my children always suffer from diarrhoea especially during rainy season. After attending World Vision's health education sessions, I realised that using a fly-proof latrine is very important for our health. With World Vision's support, a fly-proof latrine was built at our house. I taught my children to wash their hands before and after eating, after playing and after using the toilet."
Good hygiene also plays a key role in protecting children and families from preventable diseases like cholera, diarrhoea and Ebola. Through installation of hand-washing stations, formation of hygiene clubs in schools to promote good hygiene among students, and different activities such as soap-making workshop in school and community, World Vision helps improve the hygiene awareness of communities and in particular, build up the habit of handwashing with soap at critical times, such as before eating, after defecation, before feeding a child, etc., so that children’s health can be protected.
Protection of Spring Water
The nurse at the Gambarou Health Centre in Chad shows how the water purifier (PUR) is used to treat water.
Many natural springs have good water quality, but they are often polluted due to shared usage by men and livestock. To make sure community can enjoy safe drinking water, World Vision works with community members to protect clean water source, and limit cleaning and washing activities to designated areas.
In communities where water gets polluted by bacteria, water-borne bugs, pesticides, or animal faeces, depending on the pollution levels, certain purification measures can be taken to make the water safe for drinking. In some cases, World Vision will provide suitable equipment or items like water purifier for local villagers.