Reforestation by Nature Based Solution – Farmer Managed Natural Regeneration (FMNR)

Changing Lives of Vulnerable Children Affected by Climate Crisis

Land degradation due to climate change is among the most pressing of all environmental problems. It’s pushing the most vulnerable communities deeper into poverty, while affecting the well-being of children. Amazingly, much of the world’s degraded land contains underground forests. There are complex root systems hidden underground with the potential to rapidly regenerate, heal the environment, help slow climate change and ultimately create a better living environment for generations to come.

A Technique to Bring Degraded Forest Back

World Vision is leading the charge to bring these invisible forests back to life. We are building a movement of businesses, institutions and everyday people to unleash a powerful and revolutionary technique called Farmer Managed Natural Regeneration (FMNR) to tackle both poverty and climate change.

The Forest Maker and the Regreening Effort through FMNR

“If you give nature a chance, it will heal itself.”

Tony Rinaudo, World Vision Australia’s Principal Climate Action Advisor

FMNR was discovered 40 years ago in Niger by Australian aid worker and agronomist, Tony Rinaudo. Today, Tony is World Vision Australia’s Principal Climate Action Advisor and he and his team have helped to introduce and spread FMNR in 27 countries across Africa and Asia, contributing to the regeneration of millions of hectares of land. Known as the “Forest Maker”, Tony is widely acclaimed for his work. He is a Right Livelihood (Alternative Nobel Prize) award winner and the subject of a 2021 documentary by Oscar-winning German director Volker Schlöndorff.

Tony Rinaudo at TEDxSydney 2023

Tony Rinaudo discovered and put into practice a solution to the extreme deforestation and desertification

Tony Rinaudo receiving the 2018 Right Livelihood Award (Alternative Nobel Prize) for his contribution through FMNR

FMNR made a remarkable impact in Luhundwa, Tanzania, in just three years.

FMNR is a simple way to regrow trees from stumps with living roots through careful pruning and protection. Combined with other land restoration techniques, it is far more effective than planting trees.

Meet the Forest Maker in Person

Do not miss the chance to talk to Tony in various occasions while he is in town for a series of engaging events in June, to gain insight into the grand vision of sustainable climate actions with us!

Public Lecture – Nature-based Solutions for Climate Resilience to Vulnerable Communities

Take part in an intellectual conversation on how FMNR brings a positive impact to people affected by climate change.

Church Sharing – Christian’s Mandate on Climate Action

Be inspired by Tony’s story, his deep faith, perseverance and love for communities in need before becoming a pioneer in reforestation through FMNR.

Symposium – Connecting Capital with Natural Reforestation to Combat Climate Change

Join the symposium to explore how corporate and philanthropy fundraising in Hong Kong can contribute to restoring one billion hectares of degraded lands through FMNR by 2030.

Symposium (Macau) – Restore Land, Restore Hope 2024

The public is encouraged to join the symposium and donate to support our climate action, helping children and communities affected by climate change through their hard times.

Exclusive Documentary Screening Session – The Forest Maker

By Oscar-winning German director Volker Schlöndorff
Take a glimpse into the journey of Tony, and how his dedication has led to the discovery of FMNR and its practice around the world!

Our Goal Towards SDG

Our FMNR technique has committed its impact agenda to 13 SDGs, to reduce vulnerability and increase the resilience of households in communities most affected by climate change.

Recognitions by the United Nations

  • Integral part of Regreening Africa initiative, one of seven new UN World Restoration Flagships in 2024
  • UN SDG Good Practice in 2020
  • World Vision Australia is recognised for popularising FMNR in the Sahel region in Africa by winning the second place in the 2013 Land for Life Award by the United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification.

How FMNR Works


Identify indigenous shrubs with extensive root systems.


Selectively prune everything but the best few shoots. This funnels all the nutrients into one spot.


Ensure your shoots are protected from livestock and wildlife as they grow.


Continue to monitor and prune your tree as it grows.


Harvest edible fruits and leaves and use pruned stems and branches for animal fodder, building poles and firewood.

The Benefits

Climate change mitigation

Increases capture and storage of carbon dioxide by trees, plants and soil, removing greenhouse gasses from the atmosphere.

Bigger, better crops

Improves soil fertility for crop production so farmers can grow more food for their children.

More firewood, timber and wild foods

Forest products such as firewood, timber and edible fruits become more available that families can use or sell for income.

Better incomes and quality of life

Farmers can develop new income streams and better provide for their children.

More food for livestock

Increased tree and shrub cover and better grass growth mean healthier animals and more valuable assets for families.

Increase resilience

Restoring the natural environment reduces the severity and impacts of disasters like droughts and floods.

The Impact in Numbers

In Niger alone,
6 million hectares
have been reforested through FMNR - impact you can see from space1.

Per hectare, FMNR can be up to
36 times cheaper
than tree planting2.

One tree can absorb up to
10kg of carbon dioxide
per year3.

1. Pers. Comm. Gray Tappan, US Geological Survey, 2016,
2. This is a conservative estimate based on calculations made by World Vision Australia’s Climate Action and Resilience Team,

Success Stories

Soddo Forestry Project in Ethiopia (since 2006)

The FMNR project supported by World Vision extends over 503 hectares in the highlands of Soddo, Ethiopia, establishing and protecting over 1.2 million trees and restoring degraded native forests, mitigating climate change through the sequestration of an estimated 189,027 tCO2e while reducing erosion and increasing soil fertility in the region. In 2013, it is the first afforestation and reforestation project to gain the Gold Standard Certification, and the first trading of certificates have enabled the generation of revenue to communities for protecting their natural assets.

FMNR Project in Kenya (since 2014)

“But look, now we have enough to feed ourselves, our livestock and to sell for income. Had it not been for the training I received on the FMNR approach, none of this would be happening. Thank you, World Vision,” says Joyce in Kenya.

Everybody Can Play a Part

Let's take action on climate together for a better future for children!

You may also email us at [email protected] or give us a call on (852) 2394 2394 to find out more about how you can help.

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