25.5 million people face hunger crisis in East AfricaLast Update：2017/08/22
Hunger crisis driven by complicated factors, including drought and conflict, has left 25.5 million people across East Africa in urgent need of humanitarian assistance. Already 3.5 million children under five have been identified as acutely malnourished. At the same time, number of people escaping conflict and hunger crises are increasing dramatically across the region which exacerbates the need to assist in multiple areas and contexts.
6 million people are severely food insecure
The growing humanitarian crisis in South Sudan has forced 2 million people displaced internally and 1.9 million refugees fleeing to neighbouring countries with 1 million in Uganda alone. Children and women make up over 85% of the total refugee population arriving Uganda. Food and shelters are the most urgent need among them.
Up to 6 million people, which is 50% of the population, are severely food insecure across the country. While famine is no longer occurring, the situation continues to be very critical and some areas could slip back into famine easily if humanitarian effort be jeopardised. Brutal conflict and climate change continue to wreak havoc on the country’s deteriorating economy and food crisis. The nation has been in conflict since December 2013 where over 3.9 million people are displaced, according to the United Nations. Over 270,000 children are already severely malnourished across South Sudan, and 840,000 are acutely malnourished.
World Vision partners with World Food Programme to distribute food for the displaced.
6.7 million people need urgent assistance; over 700,000 people are displaced by drought
Despite rain in some parts of Somalia, the food security and nutrition situation continue to deteriorate rapidly and an elevated risk of famine persists. Over 6.7 million people need humanitarian assistance. Of children under five, over 360,000 are acutely malnourished and more than 70,000 are severely malnourished.
The severe drought has caused crop failures, high unemployment in rural areas, shortage of water and pasture, and livestock deaths. All these exacerbate food insecurity.
The multi-year drought in Somalia causes deaths of a large number of livestock.
3.5 million people experience severe food shortages
Kenya has also been hit by extreme weather patterns – several regions of Kenya received heavy rain leading to flooding, while other regions are still experiencing prolonged dry spell. 3.5 million people are severely food insecure and in need of assistance. About 387,000 children, and pregnant and lactating mothers are acutely malnourished.
Lopeto, 12, holds the dried stomach of a hyena. Without food and water, people are starting to eat scavengers like hyenas and vultures.
Out of hunger, Akure and her children are sucking the marrow from donkey bones. The family’s last cow died in the night before.
7.8 million people need emergency food assistance
Erratic and below average amount of seasonal rainfall is affecting lives and livelihoods in parts of Ethiopia. 7.8 million people require food assistance, while 2.7 million children, and pregnant and lactating mothers need supplementary feeding. Crop production is threatened by the spread of a new pest. Outbreak of acute watery diarrhoea has also affected vulnerable and malnourished children, and pregnant and breastfeeding women.
Livestock owners cannot sell their animals in the market because their cattle and goats are too skinny.
World Vision’s Response
Since the implementation of our work, we have reached over 1.5 million people through programmes that deliver food assistance, provide protection services, ensure communities have clean water, address child and maternal nutrition and meet other crucial needs.
- Distribute food aid to families in need*; support farmers by providing assorted seeds with training to resume farming
- Provide malnutrition screening for children, and pregnant and lactating mothers; implement Supplementary Feeding Programme
- Clean water supply for internally displaced people
- In host countries such as Uganda, World Vision is reaching South Sudanese refugees through its food assistance*, child protection programmes, relief item distributions, and water and sanitation work
- Distribute food and high energy biscuits*
- Supply clean water; conduct water test to ensure water sources are safe for consumption
- Provide healthcare services through mobile health teams
- Provide food assistance through cash transfer and school meal vouchers*
- Provide water and water purifiers; repair boreholes
- Provide training for health workers and volunteers on feeding practice
- Distribute food rations for needy families; provide livelihood support such as distributing seeds and animal fodder
- Provide water and sanitation services; support construction of water structures
- Treat children suffering from malnutrition
* World Vision partner with World Food Programme to distribute food aid in South Sudan, Uganda, Somalia and Kenya.